National Hydrogen Mission: India celebrates 75th Independence day. PM Modi took up the issue of clean energy in his speech. India govt to devise a Roadmap for National Hydrogen Mission.
”India is not energy Independent today. India is spending more than Rs 12,00,000 crore to import energy every year. For India’s progress and to make India self-reliant. Our roadmap is very clear. There should be a gas-based economy. a network of CNG & PNG and a 20% target of ethanol blending. India is proceeding with a set goal. India has set a goal of producing 450 gigawatts of energy using renewable resources by the end of 2030. India has already completed 100 gigawatts of production. We are setting an example on the international level. This has been proven by the formation of the international solar alliance.” -Narendra Modi – Prime Minister, India.
PM Modi brought attention to India’s National Hydrogen Mission in his Independence day speech.
India is heavily dependent on energy imports. The country buys 85% of its oil and 53% of gas demand from other countries.
The National Hydrogen Mission was announced by the Modi government in the Union Budget 2021.
The PM has taken a pledge to make India energy independent before India celebrates 100 years of Independence.
What is India’s Hydrogen Mission?
The basis of this mission is to generate clean energy using hydrogen gas. Hydrogen is seen as a direct replacement for fossil fuels and India plans to use it in core Industries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Industries such as steel and chemical contribute to a third of greenhouse gas emissions. PM Modi emphasized that green hydrogen is the biggest goal and it will help India to leap towards its energy goals.
India’s total hydrogen demand is expected to nearly double from the current 6.7 million tones to 11.7 million tones by 2030.
At present, the cost of green hydrogen produced in India is estimated at around Rs.350 per kg. The government plans to bring down the cost of green hydrogen to Rs.160 per kg by 2029-30. The govt aims to extend the production-linked incentive (PLI) scheme for manufacturing electrolyzers to produce green hydrogen.
India is also considering a proposal to make the purchase of green hydrogen mandatory for fertilizer plants and oil refineries.
How is Green Hydrogen Produced?
Green hydrogen is produced by splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen. An electrolyzer powered by electricity from renewable energy sources is used. Solar or wind energy can be used to power electrolyzers.
Pilot Projects to Test Hydrogen Energy.
India’s Hydrogen-based Mobility – linked Pilots.
Delhi is operating buses running on hydrogen spiked compressed natural gas (H-CNG) in a six-month pilot project.
Delhi’s H-CNG buses have 18% hydrogen in CNG. NTPC is running 10 hydrogen fuel cell-based electric buses & fuel cell electric cars in Leh and Delhi.
The fuel cell is a device that converts Hydrogen fuel into electricity to power a car or truck.
Indian govt is also focusing on promoting EVs for private use and several companies have launched their products in the market.